FacebookTwitterYoutubeInstagramTelegram

Working Group on Christian Nonviolence

ABOUT US

The Working Group on Christian Nonviolence was born in 2018 with the intention of studying, reflecting and spreading active nonviolence from its Christian roots, aiming to contribute to a profound debate and its practice. The Group works mainly for two targets: (1) Christians in general and the Church in particular, and (2) civil society, which includes groups from the areas of Culture, Thinking, Society, Economy, Politics... The Group expects to provide nonviolent perspectives and tools to transform the conflicts that we live.


GROUP MEMBERS

Joan Morera Joan Morera Perich, Jesuit and Group Coordinator

Marta Burguet Marta Burguet i Arfelis, PhD in Pedagogy

Xavier Garí Xavier Garí de Barbarà, PhD in History

Antoni Soler Antoni Soler and Ricart, President of the Fundació per la Pau

Mª Dolors Oller i Sala, PhD in Law and Professor of Social Christian Ethics

Álvaro Mellado Domínguez, Postgraduate in Conflicts, humanitarian worker and researcher


OBJECTIVES

Nonviolence is an increasingly urgent need within an unjust international order, woven of unequal interpersonal relationships. It is socially assumed that the use of violence (fight) is the most effective strategy to confront the multiple conflicts inherent in human life, but in reality they multiply the vicious destructive circle around them. In addition to violence, only a second response is conceived, flight, which disregards the conflict, and therefore prolongs it. To really dismantle the different violence there is a third way, Active Nonviolence (ANV), up to now applied within the five continents and in the most different historical eras, which creatively and peacefully transforms conflicts from an inclusive combat, with strategies of action based on the study of the internal logics of violence.

The present Working Group of the Centre d’Estudis Cristianisme i Justícia aims, on the one hand, to deepen and investigate in this third way of transforming conflicts, based on the Christian origins of an important part of nonviolent people and oriented to civil society in general, whatever be their values, beliefs or conditions of all kinds. On the other hand, the Group aims to disseminate this way of living through projects and social-impact documents, contributing to the creation of habitable and liberating spaces. Christians, and citizens in general, are called to reduce violence to the point of making it disappear from their surroundings, empowering the population to detect it and revert its control through the power of nonviolence.


WORK AND ACTIVITIES

The Working Group alternates face-to-face meetings with online and asynchronous work. The framework of activities can be defined in these three main axes, which deploy the two main objectives mentioned (study and dissemination):

  • RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS IN NONVIOLENCE

One of the first projects of the Group is "Move Nonviolence", based precisely on the development of a series of multimedia units to deepen and train in Active Nonviolence (ANV) students, members of NGOs, Christian groups, etc. interested in the practice of this way of transforming conflicts. The units consist of an animated video of 2 minutes, associated with a didactic brochure that breaks down with examples and proposals for groups each of the topics of interest in that unit. A series of 12 key topics is expected, headed by the following titles:

  • Introduction: turning oppression upside down
  • Is it about ideas or identity? Self-criticism to the facts.
  • The myth of redemptive violence
  • How to ruin my peaceful struggle
  • Criteria for choosing a nonviolent action
  • Historical brushstrokes: what works or does not work in ANV?
  • Experiences of Nonviolence: the Classical and Middle Ages
  • Experiences of Nonviolence: the Modern and Contemporary Ages
  • Experiences of Nonviolence in education
  • Experiences of Nonviolence in society
  • Religions and ANV: fuel through spirituality
  • Self-sacrifice: overcome the slavery of fear

 

  • PUBLIC CALLS

The Working Group will organize public events such as meetings, seminars or conferences to spread the values ​​of nonviolence in society, to specifically make people discover nonviolence as a necessary consequence of every Christian option, and to contribute to the commitment of transforming conflicts before any reality.

  • ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS

The reflections and research that will be carried out interdisciplinarily in the Working Group will be also published in the form of single academic documents, journal publications and several studies. We are open to collaborate with all those who, from their academic specialty, can contribute enriching perspectives to the study of nonviolence, and especially with entities and institutions devoted to peace and nonviolence.


RESOURCES

As the Group produces material, we will publish it in this resource section.


WEBSITE DIRECTORY OF INTEREST

1.- STUDY AND DISSEMINATION OF NONVIOLENCE

  • Catholic Nonviolence Initiative, that starts from the Conference on Nonviolence and Just Peace (Rome, 2016) to promote Nonviolence within the Catholic Church. https://nonviolencejustpeace.net/
  • International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC) is a study center that analyzes how nonviolent movements become effective, and develops and distributes resources and knowledge based on nonviolent civil resistance. https://www.nonviolent-conflict.org/
  • Albert Einstein Institution (AEI) is an NGO founded by Dr. Gene Sharp in 1983, to advance the study and use of strategic nonviolent action in international conflicts. https://www.aeinstein.org/

2.- WORK INITIATIVES FOR PEACE

  • Pax Christi International is the International Catholic Movement for Peace, founded in 1945 after the Second World War, to respond to the many challenges that violence put on the face of world conflicts. It is present in more than 50 countries. https://www.paxchristi.net/
  • Justícia i Pau is a Christian entity created in 1968 in Catalonia for the defense of human rights, social justice, peace and disarmament, solidarity and the environment. http://www.justiciaipau.org/
  • Fundació per la Pau is a foundation created in 1983 in Catalonia for the construction of a world without violence and in peace, promoting the culture of peace and nonviolence. http://fundipau.org/
  • Federació Catalana d'ONG per la Pau, els Drets Humans i el Desenvolupament (lafede.cat), was born in 2013 in Catalonia as a network that promotes the collective action of associated entities to achieve social justice, the eradication of inequalities, cooperating in development, defense and the promotion of human rights and the promotion of peace. http://www.lafede.cat
  • Universitat Internacional de la Pau (UNIPAU) was created in 1984 in Catalonia with the aim of creating conditions and providing the necessary tools for training, debate, reflection and the exchange of opinions and experiences on conflicts and peace building. http://www.universitatdelapau.org

3.- PEDAGOGICAL RESOURCES ON NOVIOLENCE


BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.- STUDY OF CHRISTIAN NOVIOLENCE

  • Butigan, K.; Bruno, P. (collaborator) (1999). From Violence to Wholeness: A Ten Part Program in the Spirituality and Practice of Active Nonviolence. Corvallis, Pace e Bene Franciscan Nonviolence Center.
  • Castillo, J.M. (1999). Iglesia y Derechos Humanos. Madrid, Nueva Utopía.
  • Corral, L. (1993). La no-violencia. Historia y perspectivas cristianas. Madrid, CCS.
  • Dear, J. (1998). Henri Nouwen. El camino hacia la paz. Santander, Sal Terrae.
  • Dear, J. (2005). The God of Peace: Toward A Theology of Nonviolence. Eugene, Wipf and Stock.
  • Dear, J. (2013). The Nonviolent Life. Corvallis, Pace e Bene Press.
  • Dear, J. (2015). The Beatitudes of Peace. New London, Twenty-Third Publications.
  • Dear, J. (2015). Walking the Way: Following Jesus on the Lenten Journey of Gospel Nonviolence to the Cross and Resurrection. New London, Twenty-Third Publications.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1955). Comentario del Evangelio. Buenos Aires, Editorial Sur.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1961). Las cuatro plagas. Buenos Aires, Editorial Sur.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1962). Principis i preceptes del retorn a l’Evidència. Barcelona, Ossa Menor.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1989). Umbral de la vida interior. Salamanca, Sígueme.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1992). Vida interior i no-violència. Barcelona, Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1993). La fuerza de los no-violentos. Bilbao, Mensajero.
  • Lanza del Vasto, G. (1997). La peregrinación a las fuentes. Barcelona, Seix Barral.
  • Lederach, J.P. (1983). Els anomenats pacifistes: La no violència a l'estat espanyol. Barcelona, La Magrana.
  • Lederach, J.P. (1992). Enredos, pleitos y problemas. Una guía práctica para ayudar a resolver conflictos. Guatemala, Semilla. 
  • Lederach, J.P. (2000). From the Ground Up: Mennonite Contributions to International Peacebuilding. Nova York, Oxford University Press.
  • Lederach, J.P. (2005). La Imaginación moral: el arte y el alma de la construcción de la paz. Guernica, Bakeaz - Centro Gernika Gogoratuz.
  • Lederach, J.P. (2014). Reconcile: Conflict Transformation for Ordinary Christians. Pennsylvania, Herald Press. 
  • Dennis, M. (2018). Choosing Peace: The Catholic Church Returns to Gospel Nonviolence. Maryknoll, Orbis Books.
  • Denny Weaver, J. (2013). The Nonviolent God. Grand Rapids (Michigan), Eerdmans.
  • Driver, J. (1978). Militantes para un mundo nuevo. Barcelona, Ed. Evangélicas Europeas.
  • Goss-Mayr, J.H. (1990). Evangelio y lucha por la paz. Salamanca, Sígueme.
  • Häring, B. (1989). La no violencia. Una forma de cultura y esperanza. Barcelona, Herder.
  • Häring, B. (1993). Evangelio, no-violencia y contestación. Madrid, PS.
  • Keeney, W. (1978). La estrategia social de Jesús. Barcelona, Ed. Evangélicas Europeas.
  • King, M.L. (1998), La força d’estimar. Barcelona, Edicions Proa.
  • Llarch, J. (1982). Martin Luther King, una vida por la paz. Barcelona, Juventud.
  • Lohfink, N. (1990). Violencia y pacifismo en el Antiguo Testamento. Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer
  • Morera, J. (2018). Desarmar els inferns. Practicar la noviolència de Jesús avui. Barcelona, Cristianisme i Justícia Quadern 207.
  • Müller, J.M. (1969). L’evangile de la non-violence. París, Fayard.
  • O'Gorman, A.; McCarthy, C. (1990) The Universe bends toward justice : a reader on Christian nonviolence in the U.S. Philadelphia, New Society Publishers.
  • Rynne, T.J. (2008). Gandhi and Jesus: The Saving Power of Nonviolence. Maryknoll, Orbis Books.
  • Rynne, T.J. (2014). Jesus Christ, Peacemaker: A New Theology of Peace. Maryknoll, Orbis Books.
  • Sasaran, E. (2012). Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers. A Virtue Ethic for Catholic Social Teaching and U.S. Policy. Eugene, Pickwick Publications.
  • Slattery, L.; Butigan, K.; Pelicaric, V.; Preston, K. (2005). Engage: Exploring Nonviolent Living: a study program for learning, practicing, and experimenting with the power of creative nonviolence to transform our lives and our world. Corvallis, Pace e Bene Press.
  • Sowle, L. (1994). Love Your Enemies Discipleship Pacifism. Minneapolis, Augsburg Fortress Publishers.
  • Tolstoi, L. (2017). El reino de Dios está en vosotros. Barcelona, Kairós.
  • Vaillant, F. (1993). La no violencia en el Evangelio. Santander, Sal Terrae.
  • Wink, W. (1992). “Beyond Just War and Pacifism: Jesus’ Nonviolent Way”. Louisvelle: Review&Expositor, vol. 89, núm. 2, pp. 197-214.
  • Wink, W. (1999). The Powers That Be. Theology for a New Millenium. New York, Doubleday.

2.- EDUCATIONAL TOOLS FOR NONVIOLENCE

  • Alzate, R. (2000). Resolución del conflicto. Programa para bachillerato y educación secundaria. (2 volums) Bilbao, Mensajero.
  • Burguet, M. (1999). El educador como gestor de conflictos. Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer.
  • Dear, J. (2017). Radical Prayers: On Peace, Love and Nonviolence. Corvallis, Pace e Bene Press.
  • Jares, X. R. (2004). Educar para la paz en tiempos difíciles. Bilbao, Bakeaz.
  • Joan, M.; Park, T. (2015). Live Peace, Teach Peace. Best Practices and Tools. Mt. Rainier, Little Friends for Peace.
  • Judson, S. (1986). Aprendiendo a resolver conflictos. Barcelona, Lerna.
  • Lederach, J.P. (1998). Construyendo la paz: reconciliación sostenible en sociedades divididas. Bilbao, Gernika Gogoratuz.
  • Lederach, J. P. (2000). El abecé de la paz y los conflictos: educación para la paz. Madrid, Catarata.
  • Lederach, J.P.; Neufeldt, R.; Culbertson, H. (2013). Construcció de pau reflexiva. Barcelona, ICIP.
  • Müller, J.M. (2013). La noviolència a l’educació. Barcelona: ICIP.
  • Navarro-Castro, L.; Nario-Galace, J. (2008). Peace Education. A Pathway to a Culture of Peace. Quezon City, Center for Peace Education.
  • Vinyamata, E. (coord.). (2003). Aprender del conflicto. Conflictología y educación. Barcelona, Graó.

3.- GREAT CLASSICS OF NONVIOLENCE

  • Arias, G. (1985). La noviolencia, ¿tentación o reto? Madrid, Edición particular.
  • Arias, G. (1995). El proyecto político de la noviolencia. Madrid, Nueva Utopía.
  • Arias, G. (2007). La historia ramificada. Autoedició.
  • Bastida, A. (1994). Desaprender la guerra. Barcelona, Icaria.
  • Chenoweth, E.; Stephan, M.J. (2012). Why Civil Resistance Works The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict. New York, Columbia University Press.
  • Curle, A. (2013). Estudios de paz y conflictos. Bilbao, Gernika Gogoratuz.
  • Gandhi, M. K. (2014). Autobiografía. Historia de mis experiencias con la Verdad. Móstoles, Gaia Ediciones.
  • Grupo Transcend (2006). “Trascender los conflictos. La perspectiva de Johan Galtung”. Revista Futuros, vol IV, nº 13.
  • Kurlansky, M. (2012). Noviolència: història d’una idea perillosa. Barcelona, Pagès.
  • Lawler, P. (1995). A Question of Values. Johan Galtung’s Peace Research. Colorado, Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Martínez Guzmán, V. (2005). Podemos hacer las paces. Reflexiones éticas tras el 11-S y el 11-M. Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer.
  • Martínez, G.; Jiménez, J.M. (2005). “Los humanos ni violentos ni pacíficos por naturaleza, sino todo lo contrario”, a Pérez, C.; Muñoz, F. Experiencias de paz en el mediterráneo. Granada, Universidad de Granada.
  • Merton, T. (1998). Gandhi y la no-violencia. Una selección de los escritos de Mahatma Gandhi editados por Thomas Merton. Barcelona, Ediciones Oniro.
  • Müller, J.M. (1994). La sagasse de la non-violence. Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer.
  • Müller, J.M. (1995). L’exigence de non-violence. Bilbao, Desclée de Brouwer.
  • Pinker, S. (2012). Los ángeles que llevamos dentro. El declive de la violencia y sus implicaciones. Barcelona, Paidós.
  • Ramsbotham, O.; Miall, H.; Woodhouse, T.; Mitchell, C. (2015). The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader. Cambridge, Polity Press.
  • Ramsbotham, O.; Miall, H.; Woodhouse, T. (2016). Contemporary Conflict Resolution. Cambridge, Polity Press.
  • Sharp, G. (2014). De la dictadura a la democràcia. Barcelona, ICIP.
  • Sharp, G. (2014). Cómo funciona la lucha noviolenta. Boston, The Albert Einstein Institution.
  • Sharp, G. (2018). La defensa civil noviolenta. Per afrontar invasions i cops d'estat. Barcelona, ICIP.
  • Thoreau, H. D. (2011). Desobediencia civil y otros textos. Montcada i Reixac, Ediciones Brontes.

CONTACT

Joan Morera Perich (Group Coordinator)
noviolenciacristiana@gmail.com
https://www.cristianismeijusticia.net/en/christiannonviolence
Lluís Espinal Foundation. Christianity and Justice Research Center
www.cristianismeijusticia.net/en
Llúria 13, 08001 Barcelona